The Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) Center was established in 1996. The establishment of the center was realized with the resources provided within the scope of the "In Situ Conservation of Genetic Diversity Project," published in the Official Gazette dated July 5, 1993, and numbered 21628, and became operational. The center operated under the auspices of the Field Crops Research Institute until the end of 2020. As of 2021, the center has been affiliated with the Soil, Fertilizer, and Water Resources Research Institute.

GIS and RS techniques are widely used as essential tools in planning and analyzing natural resources in terms of time and precision. These technologies transfer map-based and other data to computer environments to provide users and decision-makers with speed and flexibility in decision-making. Obtaining current data enables the resolution of issues related to the use and management of natural resources, the generation of new data, and the monitoring of subsequent changes. The GIS and RS Center generally focuses on:

- Soil and water resource management and mapping,

- Agricultural ecology studies and determining suitability areas for crops,

- Identification and monitoring of pasture presence and pasture status classes,

- Studies on crop yield predictions and monitoring of crop development.

In addition, it continues its efforts to prepare a research-based geographical database to serve both national and regional research and to present it through web map services.

​In the restructured Geographic Information Systems and Remote Sensing Center:

- Crop Yield Prediction Unit,

- Agricultural Meteorology and Crop Monitoring Unit,

- Digital Soil Mapping Unit,

- Technical Support Units

Agricultural Parcels for 2021 and 2022