​ENERGY CULTIVATION​ DEPARTMENT

INTRODUCTION
      Turkey economy was affected adversely because energy used in Turkey has been met from fossil fuels, Turkey has not enough fossil fuels to meet this need and million dollars have been paid to foreign countries to meet 92% of this need by import. It is aimed to decrease external dependency on petrol, to prevent environmental pollution, to diminish fuel expense being one of the most important expenses and to decrease product cost. So, it is necessary to face to alternative energy resources and to conduct projects about these topics.  
      ​In this sense, this institute was charged as "Energy Agriculture Research Center" by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directorate of Agricultural Researches in 2008, to conduct researches and projects all around Turkey. So, a substructure project was presented to State Planning Organization and this project was accepted. "Energy Agriculture Research Center" was founded within institute by this project. Energy Agriculture Research Center had become a department of institute in terms of reconstruction.
FROM PAST TO PRESENT
      In 2008, this institute was charged as "Energy Agriculture Research Center" by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, General Directorate of Agricultural Researches, to conduct researches and projects all around Turkey. So, a substructure project was presented to State Planning Organization and this project was accepted. "Energy Agriculture Research Center" was founded within institute by this project. Energy Agriculture Research Center had become a department of institute in terms of reconstruction. This department has an advanced biofuel laboratory.  This laboratory consists of three units; biodiesel, bioethanol and biomass. Except for biofuels, almost all analysis in breeding studies can be performed in this laboratory.
SUB-UNITS
   Biodiesel
      Biodiesel is an alternative biofuel to diesel, is obtained from vegetable oils and animal fats. Biodiesel production from different raw materials and conformity to test analysis standards are performed in biodiesel unit.
   Bioethanol  
      Bioethanol, an alternative biofuel to gasoline, is obtained from different raw materials containing sugar, starch and cellulose. Bioethanol production from different raw materials and conformity to test analysis standards are performed in bioethanol unit.
   Biomass
      ​Studies on all kinds of plant materials are conducted in biomass unit.  The materials are turned into briquette or pellet. Combustion analysis, exhaust emissions after combustion and calorific values are determined. 
STUDY SUBJECTS
​      Subjects studied or planned in this department;
  • Investigations on evaluation of all agricultural wastes and residues as biodiesel, bioethanol and biomass,
   • Biodiesel production from vegetable oils and animal fats and conformity studies to standards of biodiesel,
   • Bioethanol production from all kinds of plants and conformity studies to standards of bioethanol,
   • Studies on adaptation of energy plants cultivated in the world to Turkey,
   • Studies on determination of Turkey potential in respect to agricultural based renewable energy,
   • Biofuel production from materials not used for human nutrition and animal feed and also studies on preventing to not press on food prices,
   • Energy agriculture for biomass production and studies on turning into briquette or pellet forms for fuel,​
YUKARI