HORTICULTURAL CROPS

​    Breeding, adaptation, agronomy and genetic resources studies have been conducted under the fruit, vegetable and floricultural crops divisions.

    In the Institute fruit breeding studies have been continuing for more than fifteen years. "Amasya Apple" cultivar was registered with Amasya Apple Clon Selection studies. In addition, Kaplan, Yeşilırmak, Onur, İrem, Akbulut, Ayder, Türkay, and Çoruh1 cultivars were registered with persimmon (Diospyros kaki) selection studies. In a few years new Amasya Apple cultivar or cultivars having no alternate bearing and good quality characteristics are to be registered. In persimmon the studies on determination of the fertilizing cultivars for registered persimmon cultivars have been continuing. In addition, cherry rootstock breeding project has been carried out in the Department. In this project rootstock materials were collected from the Region by taking into consideration of some qualifications such as dwarfing, vegetative propagation, infinity etc. Collected materials planted in the field in order to preserve. In addition vegetative propagation potentials of these materials have been investigated through cutting and tissue culture methods. Adaptation studies of peach have been carried out in order to determine the suitable cultivars to the Region. Fruit genetic resources preservation, characterization and evaluation studies have been done with the frame project called "Black Sea Fruit Genetic Resources Investigations". This project is consisted of six sub projects including persimmon, cherry, strawberry tree, chestnut, apple and cheery laurel. Within this scope, 443 genetic materials were protected in the Field Gene Bank in the Institute. Characterization studies of some of these preserved materials were completed. Characterization studies of the others have been continuing. Some genotypes in these materials have shown the characteristics of a cultivar. Observations have been continuing on these materials. Studies on pruning which is one of the important issues in fruit growing have been carried out. In this context, the project called "Investigation on Bud Management in Cherry, Apple and Peach was started. In addition some studies including raspberry selection, black berry adaptation, organic strawberry growing, walnut adaptation, and rootstock and cultivar combination in modern fruit growing were completed.

     Adaptation, agronomy and breeding studies have been carried out in the vegetable section of the Horticultural Department. The key vegetable breeding studies include brassica (white cabbage), pepper and fresh bean. The Institute co-ordinates brassica breeding studies which have been conducted as a part of "National F1 Hybrid Project" funded by the State Planning Organization of Turkey. It is a joint project including Universities, research institutes and private seed companies. Kartopu F1 and Kuzey Yıldızı F1 cultivars and Dürme standard cultivar were registered. F1 Pepper Hybrid Project started in 2004 is also a part of the National F1 Hybrid Project. Pepper breeding studies have been continuing as TUBITAK 1007 project. The aim of the brassica and pepper project is to produce halfway breeding materials for the private sector. With the fresh bean breeding studies Karabacak, Zeynebim and Kızılcık Oturak cultivars were registered. Studies on grafted watermelon seedlings were started. Investigation on development of suitable rootstock for grafted watermelon seedling has been continuing.

    The key project of the floriculture division is the National Tulip Breeding Project funded by TUBITAK. The project co-ordinated by KTAE was initiated in 2006. The major aims of the project are to collect tulip material in Anatolia which is the gene center of the tulip, to make characterization and adaptation studies of the collected materials, and to ensure conservation of these materials in National Plant Gene Bank. Adaptation studies of gladiol, carnation and rhodonderon were accomplished. The project on collection, characterization and cultivation of tulip, leucojum, cyclamen and galanthus have been continuing. 

YUKARI