AİM OF THE DEPARTMENT
To fulfil the duties related to sheep and goat breeding within the scope of the Institute's duties. For this purpose; operates in small ruminant breeding, herd management, animal health, artificial insemination and animal production.
DUTIES OF THE DEPARTMENT
1. To provide animal materials for small ruminant husbandry research carried out within the body of our Institute, to enable research on the care-nutrition, animal welfare and herd management techniques, and housing systems of these materials,
2. To provide research material (sheep type animal) to other research institutions by the Experimental Animals Unit within its facilities,
3. To prepare new research projects on socio-economic issues related to regional problems,
4. To determine the livestock policies in the basin and to produce research projects to guide future policies,
5. To identify the economic, social and political problems faced by the regional farmers in animal production and to propose solutions by developing projects for these problems,
6. To carry out studies on rural development, sustainable agriculture and animal husbandry, environment etc.
7. To carry out studies on the development of easy and usable techniques with cost / benefit analyses of animal projects,
8. To determine the research priorities in the fields within the scope of its duty throughout the country, to coordinate integrated projects and to publish at least one peer-reviewed journal on study subjects,
9. To identify possible changes that climate change will cause on animal production and to develop appropriate adaptation suggestions,
10. To publish the results of the researches in Turkish and/or foreign languages and to carry out studies that will strengthen the Institute scientifically in the long term.
11. To allow the production of new breeds or new types in line with the market demands with breeding and breeding techniques.
As a requirement of this duty;
With the studies initiated in 1952 within the Institute; Central Anatolian (Konya) Merino was obtained by crossing the German Meat Merino with Akkaraman sheep. This breed has about 80% Merino blood and around 20% Akkaraman blood and forms the basis of the Institute herd. As a result of the selection and sorting made on this herd in our enterprise, the genotype of the Central Anatolian Merino sheep has become a purely protected and produced herd.
Studies have been carried out to create the broiler line to be used in the use crossbreeding, which was started in 1986. In the studies carried out, Hasmer (German Black Head, Hampshire Down and Central Anatolian Merino) with 3 crosses, Hasak (German Black Head, Hampshire Down and Akkaraman), Hasiv (German Black Head, Hampshire Down and Awassi) and Linmer (Lincoln and Central Anatolian Merino) with double crossing Merino) genotypes were established. In line with the decisions taken, the production of Hasmer and Hasak types have continued and are still being produced within the Institute. It is ensured that male breeders of these types are used as sire lines in the crossing of tailed sheep in our region.
12. To facilitate research on the conservation and sustainable use of domestic animal genetic resources
For this purpose; an effort is made to create a herd in order to protect and reproduce the South Karaman breed sheep, which are raised in the Taurus Mountains and are in a state of extinction, within the body of our Institute.
13. To raise breeding animals of the existing breeds in the small cattle department and to distribute these breeders to the projects implemented by the public and to breeders when necessary.