Apiculture Research Center

Aegean Region is the most important production center of queen bee, royal jelly, and packaged beekeeping due to its climatic conditions and floral resources. The region has a high potential for apiturism due to its natural beauties, tourism infrastructure, and ancient cities. Pine, thyme, chasteberry, citrus, black head, puree, chestnut, and cotton honeys can be produced in the region. The presence of bee figures on the statue of Artemis, which is the symbol of the ancient city of Ephesus, and on the coins of the period can be shown as an important proof of the existence of beekeeping potential in the region in the past.
Established in 1963 as the Aegean Region Agricultural Research Institute, the Apiculture Department in the Institute became operational in 1965. In the first years of its establishment, the first foundations of modern beekeeping techniques with education and research activities in Turkey were laid in this department. The first morphological studies in Turkey were initiated at the Institute in the mid-1980s by the scientist Friedrich Ruttner (1914-1998), who had important studies on beekeeping. Characterization studies on the morphological characteristics of honey bees, commercial queen rearing, supplementary feeding in honey bees and mass bumble bee breeding are the main study subjects that were implemented by the researchers at the Apiculture Department for the first time in Turkey.With the restructuring of our Ministry in 1987, the name of the organization was changed to the Directorate of Aegean Agricultural Research Institute. The beekeeping unit, which has been operating as a department of the Institute for many years, was restructured as the Apiculture Research Center in 2022. The Center continues its research and development activities on breeding of honey bees, beekeeping, bee health and bee products with its staff assigned to zootechnist, veterinarian, food engineer, and technician staff.
Research Activities 
Beekeeping Techniques Studies 
-Investigation of performance and behavioral characteristics of honey bee colonies 
-Queen bee production and determination of queen quality parameters 
-Honey bee behavior studies 
-Organic beekeeping, good beekeeping practices and occupational safety studies in beekeeping activities
-Package beekeeping techniques
-Pollination studies
-Supplementary feeding studies in honey bee colonies
-Bee products production techniques 
-Socio-economic studies 
-Development of new technologies in beekeeping equipment 
-Effects of climate change on beekeeping 
-Mass breeding of bumblebees 
-Bumblebee feeding physiology
 Breeding and Genetic Studies 
-Honey bee breeding 
-Conservation of honey bee genetic resources 
-Breeding of breeder queens and their quality parameters 
-Artificial insemination studies in honey bees 
-Gene expression studies in breeding materials 
-Characterization studies with classical and geometric morphology 
-Characterization studies with molecular methods 
-Honey bee semen and quality parameters
Bee Health Studies 
-Bacteriological diseases and control methods in honey bees 
-Studies on virological diseases in honey bees 
-Toxicological studies in honey bees 
-Research activities and control methods on honey bee parasites 
-Diagnosis of honey bee diseases and pests by microscopic techniques 
-Diagnosis of honey bee diseases and pests by molecular techniques 
-Gene expression studies in bee health
 Food Technology Studies 
-Bee products quality parameters 
-Development of food supplements and innovative beekeeping products 
-Apitherapy studies 
-Geographical indication studies on bee products
Education Extension Studies 
Within the scope of in-service training at the Ministry level, training activities are carried out on the subjects of General Beekeeping, Queen Bee Production Techniques, Bee Products Production Techniques, Honey Bee Diseases and Pests for the researchers of the Ministry and for the members of the organization in line with the project or training demands of the Non-Governmental Organizations.
 Production Activities 
By the researchers of the Apiculture Research Center, within the scope of project activities and academic studies; Queen bee, honey, pollen, perga, royal jelly, swarm bee, propolis, honey vinegar and bee venom are produced.
​Aegean Region Bee Types and Research on Wandering Beekeeping1983TAGEM
2The Effects of Feeding Bees with Some Substances Supplementary to Pollen on the Bee Family1983TAGEM
3Comparison of Artificially Inseminated and Naturally Mated Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) Queens in terms of Some Traits1990TAGEM
4Morphometric Analysis Of Some Turkish Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.)1990TAGEM
5Determination of Some Morphological Characteristics in Bee Populations of Aegean Region1992TAGEM
6A Study on the Effects of Basic Queen Cells Made of Plastic and Beeswax on the Amount of Royal Jelly Production and the Larva Acceptance Rate during Royal Jelly Production1993TAGEM
7Comparison of the Performance of Izmir Region Bees1994TAGEM
8The Effects of Emergence Weight and Storage on Queen Bee Quality in Queen Bee Breeding1994TAGEM
9Determination of Some Characteristics of Honey Yield in Georgia, Menemen and Georgia X Menemen Hybrid Bee Families in Aegean Region Conditions1994TAGEM
10The Effects of Bee Feeding with Excess Sugar (Sucrose) Syrup on the Composition of Honey1994TAGEM
11Determination of Some Characteristics Related to Honey Yield in Some Regional Honey Bee Forms1994TAGEM
12Comparison of Bees (Apis mellifera L.) from Menemen, Foça and Bayındır Regions in Terms of Some Characteristics1994TAGEM
13Effects of Pollen Production on Colony Development and Honey Yield in Beekeeping1995TAGEM
14Studies on Raising Bumblebee under Controlled Conditions1998TAGEM
15Determination of Technical and Economic Main Characteristics of Aegean Region Beekeeping Activities1998TAGEM
16A Study on the Effects of Wooden and Styrofoam Hives on the Bee Family1998TAGEM
17Determination of Performance of Italian Bees and Hybrids in Aegean Region Conditions2004TAGEM
18Determination of the Effect of Using Honey (Apis mellifera L.) and Bumble Bees (B. terrestris) on Yield and Quality in Addition to Current Pollination in Cherry Pollination2016TAGEM
19Determination of Hygienic Behavioral Characteristics of Western Aegean Region Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) and Development of Populations in Terms of These Characteristics2016TAGEM
20Developing Beekeeping Training Materials and Izmir Province Sample Practice Beekeepers Hand in Hand to Active Education2016TAGEM
21Exploring Package Beekeeping Opportunities in Turkey2017TAGEM
22Comparison of the Efficiency of Different Organic, Chemical (Flumetrine) and Cultural Methods in Control of "Varroa Destructor" in Honey Bees (Apis mellifera L.)2017TAGEM
23The Effect of Wandering Beekeeping on the Genetic Pool from Past to Present in Some Regions2019TAGEM
24Pollen Preferences of Honey Bees and Effects of Pollen Use in Wintering on Colony Dynamics2021TAGEM
25The Effects of Different Methods Used in Control of Large Wax Moth (Galleria mellonella L.) in Honeycombs on Some Yield Traits in the Colony2021TAGEM
26Determination of Bee Venom Production Amount and Quality of Efe Bee (Apis mellifera L.) in Different Periods in Spring2021TAGEM

​Breeding and Conservation of the Efe Bee (Apis mellifera anatoliaca)TAGEM
2A Study on the Raising of Bombus terrestris L. Population under Controlled Conditions in Izmir and Its SurroundingsTAGEM
3Determination of SNPs in Octopamine and Tyramine Receptor Genes in Efe Bee (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) and Investigation of Their Use in Hygienic Behavior BreedingTAGEM
4Effects of Different Nutrient Supplementation on Some Behavioral and Hormonal Responses in Efe Honey Bee (Apis mellifera anatoliaca)TAGEM
5Determination of the Effect of Some Herbal Essential Oil Compound Combination Applications on Gene Expression Levels in Varroa MitesTÜBİTAK 1002

Physical, Chemical and Mineral Matter Profile of Pine Honey produced in Turkey


2Determination of Pesticide Residues in Gutation Water in Plants and Investigation of Their Toxicological Effects on Bees



3Determination of the Effects of Different Feeding, Storage and Packaging Techniques on Quality Parameters and Economic Sustainability in Royal Jelly Production



4Supporting the Sustainable Honey Value Chain in Turkey Through Geographical Indication Project


5Development of Bozcaada Beekeeping 'Healthy Bee, Quality Product'


TAGEM- Bozcaada District Directorate of Agriculture and Forestry
6Tahtalı Basin Beekeeping Project


İzmir Metropolitan Municipality - Çarık Organisation

​Efe Bee 

The Apiculture Research Center has been successfully carrying out honey bee breeding work, which has been going on for many years, within the scope of the National Beekeeping Project. As a result of the breeding studies carried out between 2008-2018, the decision regarding the Efe Bee Genotype (Apis mellifera anatoliaca) was decided to be registered at the meeting of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, National Committee for Registration of Pet Genetic Resources. It was published the decision of registration of Efe Bee with dated 26/12/2018, dated 16 May 2019 in the Official Journal No. 30776 and registered on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 


Breeding and Conservation studies of the Efe Bee continue in Bozcaada.

The spreading area of the Efe Bee Genotype developed by our institute is Aegean, Mediterranean, Southern Marmara Regions.

As a result of the selection studies on the Efe Bee;

-Pine honey production tendency is high,

-According to the region's bees, honey yield has been increased,

-The irritability is reduced,

-The tendency to swarm is reduced,

-A genotype with high wintering tendency and rapid spring development was obtained.