Departments

In Bornova, Plant Protection Research Institute founded on February 15th, 1931 in order to investigate the pests in the crop plants and methods to control them, entomological studies began in the same year. Carrying out their jobs as Entomology Laboratory since its establishment, the Agricultural Engineers performed their studies on insects, mites, nematodes, some mammalians and birds with a few personnel in the first decade. Then, with increasing number of personnel, laboratories were founded under the title of "Entomology Department" and successful studies were done.

Duties of the Entomology Department are summarized below:

  1. Determining ways of diagnosis spread and control methods for the insects, mites, nematodes, mammalians, and birds causing problems in the crop plants,
  2. Conducting research projects and implementing the results through training and scientific publications,
  3. Collecting insects, mites, nematodes, mammalians and birds specific to the area,
  4. Participating in international organizations, preparing and conducting projects for plant health in the context of law of harmonization code of the European Union,
  5. Organizing national and international congresses, workshops, and meetings and participating in them with scientific reports,
  6. Being reporter in national and international journals,
  7. Preparing Technical Instructions for Plant Protection, Integrated Pest Management and "Standard Methods for Pesticide Efficacy and Side-Effect Tests on the insects, mites, nematodes, mammalians, and birds,
  8. Taking in charge in several commissions such as Commissions of Registration for Plant Protection Products and Plant Quarantine of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock,
  9. Making risk analysis related to quarantine organisms and servicing to the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock as consultant on this topic,
  10. Cooperating with especially universities and union of exporters and other organizations,
  11. When required, investigating biological efficiency of the pesticides and biotechnical materials,
  12. Training staff employed on section of plant protection in the related implementing organizations and preparing books, brochures, manuals, etc.,
  13. Giving practical training to the students of agricultural faculties,
  14. Giving free service of consultancy to the farmers on the area,
  15. Preparing training and publications on entomology topics for the Extensive Farmer Training Program prepared for the farmers by the Ministry,
  16. Performing dose escalation or reduction studies for the pesticides,
  17. Monitoring experimentations of biological efficiency of plant protection products,
  18. Investigating plant materials coming from abroad for experimental or commercial purposes in terms of quarantine,
  19. Carrying out analyses related to the certified fruit and grape production and propagation material in Turkey.

Fruit and Vineyard Pests Lab

Laboratory of Fruit Pests has been carrying out studies on pests in important crop groups of the Aegean Region since 1931. As a consequence of these studies, important findings were obtained and implemented especially in apple, citrus, olive, peanut, cherry and fig. Integrated Pest Management projects were created under the guidance of results obtained. The use of pesticides was minimized by estimating required application dates with Forecasting and Early-Warning System. Biotechnical, biological control and organic agriculture studies were carried out parallel to current studies on the world and these were transferred to the farmers. As of yet, many projects are being performed in cooperation with several organizations, especially with union of exporters and the universities. Far-East countries, Japan in particular, is not purchasing fresh fruits and vegetables from Turkey because our country is contaminated with Mediterranean fruit fly. Studies performed by Laboratory of Fruit Pests with the support of different Exporters' Unions came to end in 2009 and grapefruit and lemon exportation from Turkey to Japan began in 2010 and 2014, respectively. This scientific study conducted by Bornova Plant Protection Research Institute is the first in Turkey and has been beneficial for entire country.

Studies were carried out in the Laboratory of Grape Pests on such pests as European Grapevine Moth, thrips species, two spotted spidermites, Black Vine Weevils, Mealy Bug preventing obtaining crop and causing economic losses for the farmers if not controlled and on their biological characteristics, natural enemies, spreads, losses caused by and methods to control them; resultant findings were implemented. Furthermore, studies on the strawberry areas, which are subject to studies of the laboratory, were completed and non-biotic factors on biology and mechanism of loss of Black Vine Weevils in the strawberries were investigated. In addition to several plant protection projects, the laboratory participated in studies on management and population changes of grape pests in the projects of Organic Sultani Seedless Growing and Organic Wine Grape Growing. Forecasting and Early-Warning System has been implemented against European Grapevine Moth "Lobesia botrana Den.-Schiff., Lepidoptera: Tortricidae" which is the main pest. Timing of preparations effective against the eggs of the pest in the Forecasting and Early-Warning System has been practiced. Timing, methods of use and dose of preparations with environmentally friendly Bacillus thuringiensis against European Grapevine Moth in Aegean Region was established. As an alternative to the chemicals, mechanical control method has been put into practice for the control of black vine weevil, "Otiorhynchus spp.". Mating Disruption Technique, an alternative to the chemicals in the control of European Grapevine Moth has been found to be successful and implemented in especially organic and integrated vineyards. Afterwards, Mating Disruption Technique has been widened to a total of 700 ha in cooperation with growers and companies of organic dried grape in the Aegean Region. Based on the results of all research studies, Project of Integrated Pest Management in Vineyards has been implemented since 1995. Each of the three five-year period of the project has been conducted in cooperation with agricultural extension services and private companies. New findings obtained from the research studies are included in the Integrated Pest Management Programs.

Natural enemies of L. botrana and their natural effectiveness have been determined in the vineyards of Manisa and Izmir Provinces. In this study, Trichogramma euproctidis Girault and T. brassicae Bezdenko "Hym: Trichogrammatidae", the egg parasitoids, have been specifically determined on the eggs of L. botrana and recorded for the first time. At present, experiments on releasing parameters and effectiveness of T. euproctidis have been conducting in the vineyards for the implementation of biological control.

Post-harvest control of Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande "Thysanoptera: Thripidae" has been accomplished in Round Seedless grape and Camarosa strawberry varieties in cold storage conditions due to refusal of infested fresh fruit items and as a consequence of that, prohibition of export from Turkey. The dosage and duration of phosphine (PH3) gas were determined, which killing 100% of F. occidentalis population. Fumigation standard pesticide method was prepared for postharvest control of F. occidentalis in stored fresh fruit and vegetables.

Vegetable, Forage Crops, Industrial and Ornamental Plant Pests Lab

National and regional studies were carried out on such vegetables as edible legumes, cabbage, artichoke, tomato, cucumber, eggplant, potato, pumpkin by the laboratory of pests in the vegetables and forage crops, and the pests causing problems in these vegetables and main pests of economic interest were determined and crop loss was prevented by developing control methods against them.

In the context of integrated Pest Management project conducted in greenhouse vegetable cultivation, crop has been obtained with few or no use of pesticides in greenhouse cultivation in the Aegean Region. Yellow adhesive traps which are pretty effective in mass trapping considered in biotechnical methods developed in context of this project has been begun to be used widely in the Aegean Region. In a study supported by FAO, attempts were made in greenhouse cultivation in 2002-2003 in Fethiye, Mugla in order to implement results of integrated growing and protection studies to minimize chemical inputs in greenhouse tomato cultivation, to teach them to the farmers and to spread them. In another study to create integrated crop management program in greenhouse tomato cultivation in Mugla between 2002 and 2004, cooperation was made with university and private sector, many sub-disciplines worked together, and as a consequence of these efforts, Integrated Crop Management Program was established in greenhouse tomato cultivation.

Improvement of National Patato Seed Production system project supported by TUBİTAK was carried out in Kütahya, Burdur and Isparta in 2005-2009. Seed potato areas were determined.

The national project of Tuta absoluta "Lepidoptera:Gelechiidae" was carried out by the coordinator of vegetable and forage pests laboratoryof Bornova Plant Protection Institute.In sub-projects, distribution, biotechnical control methods and natural enemies of Tuta absoluta were determined.

Effectiveness of Pheromone+water traps in field tomato production in Izmir and Manisa provinces in Aegean Region and pheromone+water, pheromone+light+water traps in the greenhouse tomato production in Muğla Province were determined against T. absoluta for mass-trapping method. The project results were presented to the farmers.

In the Aegean Region, laboratory for industrial and ornamental plants pests researches has carried out projects on industrial plants such as cotton, tobacco, sunflower, poppy, sesame, and ornamental plants such as daffodils, roses, carnations and chrysanthemums. Information form the results, such as identification, biology, natural enemies, distributions, damage and control methods of the pests, were transferred to the application

Biology of Cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii (Glov.) (Homoptera: Aphididae), which is one of the economic pests in cotton, and affecting factors of population fluctuation, were carried out and the data were transferred to the application.

Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Project was completed in cotton and the project results were shared with the Aegean Region farmers. IPM booklets in Cotton was prepared.

The Farmer Booklet of Tobacco Pests were distributed to the Aegean Region farmers . Main pest and the other harmful species of Thyme were determined in Denizli and Manisa provinces.

An important source of income for Karaburun district, daffodil, has a major problem is daffodil bulbs fly has an effective method of combating hot water application which is not prevalent among the producers that demonstrates was set up.

The project was carried out about population fluctuations on sucking pests and their effects in terms of yield and quality on some common cotton varieties in Aegean Region. The preference of varieties according to hairiness traits against to sucking pests that can be used in integrated pest management programs have been determined.

In addition, in the laboratory, biotechnical control projects have been carried out in parallel with current researches in the world. To minimize the pesticide application against thrips species, the projects are about efficiency of using kaioromones with sticky traps and mass trapping method on cotton and cut flowers has been carriying out.

Cereal, Stored Product and General Pests Lab

Cereal pests laboratory has been carrying out studies on the pests in grain areas of the Aegean Region since 1931. Through the studies carried out so far, important findings have been obtained and implemented on the pests in grain areas of the Region and ways to control them. In regard to control of Eurygaster which is the main pest for the agriculture of grain in our country, biological criteria for its winter quarters, species, rates, natural enemies and control methods have been determined. In this context, regular manual training was given to technical staff in responsibility area of our Directorship (Balikesir, Çanakkale, Manisa,Usak, Denizli, Aydin, Mugla, Izmir, and Kutahya) and a book titled "Eurygaster Control in the Aegean Region" was published and distributed to the technical staff. Integrated Pest Management projects were prepared for wheat and corn, and these works were done in cooperation with many farmers. The resultant gains were presented to agriculture applications in our country through technical instruction manuals. Biotechnical and biological control studies carried out parallel to current investigations on the world were presented to the farmers in the region. In the context of NationalEurygaster Project carried out in recent years, crop losses caused by Eurygaster species "Eurygaster spp., Heteroptera: Scutelleridae" in the Aegean Region and economical damage thresholds that should make the basis for chemical control were determined.

Studies began to be conducted in a separate laboratory through foundation of Laboratory of Stored Product Pests in 1941. Studies are continuing in the laboratory since its establishment. In Denizli and Usak cities, projects were conducted on Bruchidae family and damage caused by it in stored legumes. Projects are continuing on species, distribution and density of Coleoptera and Lepidoptera genus in dried grape stored in Manisa and Izmir cities.

General Pests laboratory; re-establishment of the laboratory has become compulsory with the increasing problems of Aegean Region.

Nematology Lab

Many surveys have been conducted by Nematology Laboratory of Bornova Plant Protection Research Institute since 1960s. These studies made the basis of several comprehensive studies which would be conducted later. In the context of these projects, contamination status of the root tumor nematodes causing problems in the fruits and vineyards, citrus nematode "Tylenchulus semipenetrans", hookedworms "Xiphinema spp." was investigated in the gardens and nurseries. Studies were carried out in the potato areas on potato rot nematode "Ditylenchus destructor" and potato cyst nematodes "Globodera spp.". Effect of solarization was studied in the control of root tumor nematodes which are one of the biggest problems in vegetable greenhouses in the region, polyethylene covering with orgalloy additive was tried to be used in the greenhouses in the region in order to reduce dose of methyl bromide and pretty good results were obtained. In the studies on rice white-tip nematode "Aphelenchoides besseyi", which is the quarantine pest causing important problems in rice areas in our region, 100% of the nematodes in the contaminated roots were killed using hot water method. An important impact of this study was that the mentioned nematode was included in the list of diseases and pests for rice suitable for seed. Laboratory staff took active participation in the projects supported by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock in addition to such extraneously supported projects as Twining Projects conducted in the context of law of harmonization with the European Union, and those supported by TUBITAK and World Bank. Infrastructure equipment of the laboratory was enhanced by means of opportunities obtained in this way.

Department of Plant Diseases
In the years when Bornova Plant Protection Research Institute was first established, "Department of Plant Diseases" has continued to work as a "Phytopathology Laboratory". Then the " Department of Plant Diseases " has continued to work as. The department consists of five laboratories.
  1. Virology lab,
  2. Bacteriology lab,
  3. Fruit and vineyard diseases lab,
  4. Vegetables, Forage Crops, Industrial and Ornamental Plant Diseases Lab,
  5. Cereal diseases.
Duties of the Department of Plant Diseases are summarized below:
  1. To identify and diagnose fungal, bacterial and viral pathogens that cause diseases in crop plants, to determine the spreading and contolling methods of these pathogens,
  2. Conducting research projects, presenting the results with scientific publications and trainings,
  3. Participating in international organizations, preparing and conducting projects for plant health in the context of law of harmonization code of the European Union,
  4. Organizing international and national congresses, workshops and meetings and attend to them with publications,
  5. Being reporter in national and international journals,
  6. Preparing "Technical Instructions for Plant Protection", "Technical Instructions for Integrated Pest Management" and brochures for the farmers.
  7. To take part in various commissions of the Ministry such as Registration of Plant Protection Products and Plant Quarantine,
  8. Quarantine organisms related to the pest risk analysis and consultancy services to our Ministry in this regard, further develop rapid diagnostic method for detection of diseases subject to quarantine,
  9. Cooperating with especially universities and union of exporters and other organizations,
  10. Monitoring experimentations of biological efficiency of plant protection products,
  11. Preparing trainings to technical personnel, to prepare book, booklet, brochure of farmer etc.
  12. Giving practical training to the students of agricultural faculties,
  13. Giving service of consultancy to the farmers
  14. Preparing trainings and publications on phytopathology for farmers,
  15. Performing dose escalation or reduction studies for the pesticides,
  16. To check and analyze the organizations growing main breeding material in terms of plant diseases, which are subjected to the certification regulations.
  17. Evaluating the problems coming from application organizations and farmers, researching for solutions,
  18. To make analysis of the aspects of Quarantine organisms in the import and export of production materials.
Virology Lab
The Virology Laboratory has been conducting studies on virus diseases seen in cultivated plants in the Aegean region since the 1950s.
In the first years of the laboratory, development of the virus-free potato seed, obtaining the virus-free healthy American grapevine rootstocks and the establishment of the citrus breeding gardens.
Biological, serological (ELISA) and molecular test methods (Multipleks RT-PCR, Real Time RT-PCR) are used in the laboratory to detect and diagnose plant viruses. There are laboratory equipment and knowledge to carry out these studies.
In addition to the projects supported by the Ministry of Agriculture, the laboratory staff was also actively involved in projects such as Twinning project carried out within the framework of EU harmonization, external projects such as TÜBİTAK and DPT. Some research topics that have been carried out in the laboratory in recent years are as follows:
  1. Determination of viruses that cause disease in stone fruit trees,
  2. Determination of some viral agents in corn production areas in second crop grown in Aegean region,
  3. Determination of viruses that cause greenhouse vegetables, identification of the first record of viruses in Turkey and our region,
  4. Studies on potato virus diseases within the scope of project for development of national potato seed production system,
  5. Detection of virus diseases on cucurbit production areas in Aegean region, determination of both disease rates and also reactions of some cucurbit varieties to the virus diseases,
  6. Determination of grapevine virus diseases and detection by molecular methods,
  7. Determination of current state of Sharka disease in stone fruit trees in the Aegean region,
  8. Identification of olive virus diseases, determination of prevalence rates and effects on of fruit quality in the Aegean Region,
  9. Identification of Potato virus Y (PVY) strains in the potato growing areas and the determination of data for control management,
  10. Researches on virus-free pre-basic production material in some figs cultivars and production of certified seedlings Virology Laboratory.
Bacteriology Lab
Founded in 1960s, The Bacteriology Laboratory is a strong division with its infrastructure and knowledge base. Laboratory equipment is sufficient for detection and diagnosis of bacterial plant pathogens in any kind of plant material. Classical, biological, serological (ELISA, IFAS), and molecular (PCR) methods used in the countries developed in detection and diagnosis are used in Bornova Plant Protection Research Station. The laboratory personnel have taken training in several national and international laboratories in order to accommodate to developing technology. First record of some plant pathogenic bacteria in Turkey was made by technical staff of the laboratory.
Laboratory staff took active participation in the projects supported by the Ministry in addition to such extraneously supported projects as Twining Projects conducted in context of law of harmonization with the European Union, and those supported by TUBITAK and World Bank. Some research subjects which have been and still being conducted in recent years are as follows:
  1. Distribution, type reactions, chemical and integrated control, and Forecasting and Early Warning models suitable to Erwinia amylovora.
  2. Biological control of the root cancer (Agrobacterium tumefaciens)
  3. Type reactions of Crown Gall of grape (Agrobacterium vitis)
  4. Effects of environmental factors on tomato sap necrosis disease, etiology, type reactions and control methods of the disease.
  5. Detecting status of Ralstonia solanacearum in tomato and potato in the Aegean Region.
As a consequence of the studies, important findings have been obtained and implemented in control efforts for bacterial plant diseases.
EPPO's 2009 Panel of Bacterial Diseases and 2009 Annual Meeting of Association of European Phytopathologists were held in the institution under the leadership of the Laboratory.
Fruit and Vineyard Diseases Lab
In regard to fruit and grapevine diseases, research projects have been conducted since 1931 for detecting and solving problems on the area. However, the Laboratory of Fruit and Grapevine Diseases was founded in 1940. Since 1970s, the labs acted as Fruit Diseases and Grapevine Diseases, separately. It runs as Laboratory of Fruit and Grapevine Diseases since 2003.
The laboratory has adequate level of equipment and knowledge base at the same level of developed countries. Fungal pathogens are diagnosed by classical methods. Efforts are being made to provide molecular diagnosis for some fungal pathogens.
Forecasting and Early Warning System to be used in control of Apple Scab (Venturia inaequalis), the most significant disease of apple, and Downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) has been investigated by researchers in the laboratory. The results have been implemented. Chemical controls of the diseases are being made using Forecasting and Early Warning System since 1980s.
Investigating and spreading the Forecasting and Early Warning System to be used in control of Apple Scab (Venturia inaequalis), the most significant disease of apple, and Downy mildew (Plasmopara viticola) and implementing its results.
First record of some fungal pathogens for Turkey was made by technical staff of the laboratory.
The personnel of laboratory participated actively in TUBITAK projects in addition to those supported by the Ministry.Some research subjects which have been and still being conducted in recent years are as follows:
  1. Detecting hypovirulent strains used in biological control of Chestnut cancer (Cryphonectria parasitica) and their performance in control of disease and biological control of the disease under natural conditions
  2. A Study On The Determınatıon Of Causal Fungal Agents Of Petrı And Esca Dıseases In Vıneyards Of Aegean Regıon By Molecular Methods And Theır Control.
  3. Identification of Causal Agent of Strawberry Powdery Mildew Disease with Molecular Techniques and Research for Control Possibilities Using Alternative Chemicals
  4. Researches on Control of the Petri Disease (Phaeoacremonium oleophilum, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora) in Vineyards.
  5. Determining Efficieng of Different Sprays Programs Used in Vineyard Against Powdery Mildew
  6. Investigation on Effectiveness of Different Fungicide Application Times And A Forecasting Model For The Control of Olive Leaf Spot Spilocaea oleaginea Cast. Diseases In Manisa Province
  7. Investigations On Determination Of Fungal Pathogens Caused Postharvest Cherry Fruit-Rot, İts Prevalance And Control İn İzmir And Manisa Provinces
  8. Molecular Identification, Etiology and Management of Alternaria Species Causing Postharvest Fruit Rot on Pomegranate "Punica granatum L."
Vegetables, Forage Crops, Industrial and Ornamental Plant Diseases Lab
Bornova Plant Protection Research Station has been conducting research activities on vegetable and forage crops since its establishment.
Basic studies conducted by the Laboratory of Vegetable and Forage Crops may be summarized as follows:
  1. Experimental studies on Forecasting and Early warning models against some fungal diseases.
  2. Conducting studies on biological control methods alternative to chemical control for the diseases.
This laboratory carried out research projects on industrial and ornamental plants, especially on cotton.
  1. In pathotype detection study on Verticillium dahlia in Turkey, two pathotypes were found and they were diagnosed as shedding and non-shedding isolates based on international reference strains. 93% of the shedding isolates was from the Aegean Region and 77% of non-shedding isolates was from Cukurova and Southeast Anatolian Regions. Isolates from the Aegean Region were found to be more virulent then those from other regions. This was the first study to demonstrate that there was regional difference in virulence among the same pathotype in Turkey.
  2. First record of some pathogenic fungi of ornamental plants in Turkey was done by the lab.
Cereal Diseases Lab
Studies have been made in the Laboratory of Cereal Diseases on biology, determination, prevalance, cultivar reactions and control methods for the diseases caused by fungal pathogens on wheat, rice, maize, rye, oat, turfgrass and barley. Researchers of cereal laboratory have participated actively in TUBITAK projects in addition to those supported by the Ministry.
Conducting some research projects in cereal laboratory are followings:
  1. Research project was conducted in South Marmara Region on the status of mycotoxins occurring as a result of stem and corn cob rot diseases caused by Fusarium species in order to establish the sources of resistance in control of these species.
  2. First record of some fungal pathogens in our country was made by technical staff of the laboratory.
  3. Investigations on the determination of Fusarium spp. caused rice foot-rot, its prevalance and control in Balıkesir and Çanakkale provinces
  4. Investigations on the determination of fungal pathogens caused wheat root-rot control in Aegean Region
  5. Determination of the prevalence, pathotypes and variety reactions of Septoria Leaf Blotch in wheat production areas in Aegean Region
  6. Determination and management of fungal diseases of barley
  7. Investigation of Fungal Diseases, Detection, Prevalence and Control Possibilities in Turfgrass Areas.

Biological Control Laboratory was established in 1965 in the Directorate of Bornova Plant Protection Research Institute and  still operates as the Department of Biological Control.

During the 1966-2019 period, more than 25 research projects on the fauna of beneficials and its distribution, biology and consumption, population dynamics, mass production, release effectiveness and side effects of pesticides on beneficial insects. have been completed.

Duties of the Department of Biological Control:

  1. Biological control with pests, diseases and weeds that are problematic in cultural plants,
  2. Integrated pest management research,
  3. Conservation and improvement of beneficial activities,
  4. Mass production and use of biological control agents,
  5. To carry out research projects related to the side effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms.

Other topics:

  1. Preparing standard  methods and technical guidelines on the side effects of Pesticides on beneficial organisms • •Biological control, Integrated pest management control and organize training courses.
  2. The registration of biological control agents.

Agrochemicals and Toxicology Units

It began its activities under the structure of Division of Physiology and Toxicology in1991. Studies began in the laboratory first on residual EBDC analyses in tobacco upon request from Ege Union of Tobacco Exporters. Results of these studies were confirmed by those from the Reynolds Tobacco Company in USA. Asample of 147 blends and 640 raiser covering the cities of Izmir, Aydin, Denizli, Balikesir, Mugla and Manisa was screened in 1991 in order to mapping residues in Ege Region. As a part of this study, the first project was started in order to determine the time for a preparation with EBDC between the last application disinfectant and harvesting. In 1999, subject of disinfection instruments was separated from this division as a consequence of foundation of Division of Agricultural Control Instruments and Application Techniques and name of the Division of Physiology and Toxicology was changed as Division of Control Disinfectants.

In the Division of Control Disinfectants, studies are focused on solving the issue of residues. Our division participates in the studies to make investigations and making strategies required for producing safe food; to improve the infra-structure and analytical capacity of the analysis laboratory; to provide training to the staff to perform the analyses; to train the producers and dealers on the issue of residues; to prepare and distribute brochures related to and to monitor and provide consultancy on the residues as well as to create national monitoring methods for the residues; to create maximal residue limits for the country and related regulations on the residues.

Plant Protection Machinery Unit

Objectives:

Objectives of this division is to conduct research and development activities on providing the conditions required for minimizing environmental pollution  by carrying out the chemical control in plant protection against the diseases, pests and weeds in such a way that is compatible with appropriate technique.

Study subjects and activities:

  1. To choose the correct disinfectant according to the targeted species to be disinfected and ensuring that it is applied at right time, dose and through right equipment.
  2. To develop new equipment specific for the crop and/or disease/pest or improving the existing machines in order to enhance efficacy of control disinfection and conducting research and development studies on their use. 
  3. Ensuring that the machines are run in the optimum conditions.
  4. Performing settings and maintenance of the machines.
  5. Training on selection, calibration and use of the plant protection machines and their maintenance and security.
  6. Monitoring the experiments in terms of machine use in context of disinfectant registration studies.
  7. Preparing "Technical Instructions for Agricultural Pest Control", "Technical Instructions for Integrated Control" and brochures on subject of using the plant protection machines.

Possibilities of the Laboratory:

  1. Analysis of trace substances through fluorometric methods.
  2. Analyses of covering rate, drop diameter and distribution through image analysis methods.
  3. Calibration of the plant protection machines.
  4. Measurement for leave surface.

Herbology Unit

Studies on weeds began in 1932 in Bornova Research Station of Agricultural Pest Control Institute. As a result of instructions of Ministry of Agriculture, the laboratory of weed became a division in 1963. The division continues its works since its establishment.

Duties of division of weed science:

  1. Detecting, diagnosing and establishing control methods for the weeds and highly parasitic plants causing diseases in the cultivated plants.
  2. Conducting research projects.
  3. Preparing Technical Instructions for Agricultural Pest Control, Integrated Control and Standard Disinfactant Experimentation Methods.
  4. If required, investigating biological efficacy of the herbicides.
  5. Organizing training and course activities related to the subject.
  6. Examining the biological experimentation reports of the herbicides newly introduced to our country.
  7. Preparing training activities and publications on weeds for some culture plants in the YAYCEP programs prepared by the Ministry for the farmers.
  8. Performing dose escalation or reduction studies for the herbicides.
  9. Carrying out resistance experiments to the herbicides for sunflower types suitable for seed newly introduced to the country.
  10. Investigating plant materials coming from abroad for experimental or commercial purposes in terms of quarantine.
YUKARI